• About SNS

    The Scuola Normale Superiore is a public institute for higher education that in its two centuries of life has earned itself a special place, both in Italy and abroad, a place characterised by merit, talent and scientific rigour. Two types of course are available: the undergraduate course and the PhD course.The teaching activity is distributed among four academic structures: the Faculty of Humanities, the Faculty of Sciences, placed in Pisa; the Department of political and social sciences and the Ciampi Institute, located in Florence.  

  • Admission

    The evaluation for entrance to the first year of the undergraduate course does not include the high school leaving certificate, and the bachelor's degree is not taken into consideration in the entrance examination for the fourth year course. For each PhD course, candidates’ level of competence, talent, motivations and aptitudes to scientific research will be assessed on the basis of their qualifications and research project and an interview.

  • Academics

    The Scuola Normale Superiore offers two types of course: the undergraduate course, leading to first and second level university degrees, and the PhD course, the international equivalent of the Italian Dottorato di ricerca.The teaching and research activity is distributed among three academic structures: the Faculty of Humanities, the Faculty of  Sciences, and the Department of Political and Social Sciences.The first two academic structures, housed at the Pisa site, organize courses for both the  undergraduate course and the PhD course. The Department of Political and Social Sciences, situated in Palazzo Strozzi in Florence, deals only with the PhD course.

  • Research

    A highly qualifying feature of the Normale way is the strong link between teaching and research that is a characteristic of both the undergraduate and the graduate programmes of the Scuola. The research structures of the two Faculties welcome students with a relevant study interest, enabling them to collaborate in a mature way with the activities of the researchers.

  • International

    The Scuola Normale is an institute of a decidedly international nature. Examinations for admission to the undergraduate degree course and for the PhD course are open to all citizens worldwide. A certain number of places on the PhD course are reserved for students from other countries. During the pre laurea and  post lauream teaching courses, study and research programmes are made available at overseas universities and research centres with which the Scuola forms an intense network of collaboration.  The doctorate course in particular is taught in a veritable graduate school in line with the highest international standards. 

Centre for Data Processing of Texts and Images in the Literary Tradition

Centre for Data Processing of Texts and Images in the Literary Tradition

The Centre for Data Processing of Texts and Images in the Literary Tradition (CTL) was founded on 19 December, 2000 and is directed by Lina Bolzoni. The Centre uses computer technology to conduct research which examines the complex relationship between words and images within the literary tradition.
The CTL is supported by an advisory board of internationally recognized scholars, and has initiated collaborations with universities and cultural institutions in Italy and abroad, including the École Normale Supérieure of Paris, New York University and the University of California-Los Angeles.
In addition to coordinating on-going studies, the CTL is promoting the discussion and the planning of new projects. The objective of the CTL is to rediscover the broad areas of interaction between words and images that have characterized the literary tradition across different periods and genres, going beyond the traditional schemas that have sanctioned the superiority of literature over the visual arts.
The creation of a digital archive of words and images will thus serve as an instrument to reconstruct the many links that exist between the linguistic code and the figurative code. It will also be used to analyze even the lesser known areas of inter-expressive experimentation.
A salient aspect of the CTL's activities also lies in the research being conducted, in collaboration with scientists and artists, on modes of perception.


Professor Lina Bolzoni


Piazza dei Cavalieri, 8
Palazzo della Canonica, Piano 3
phone +39 050 509411
e-mail: info@ctl.sns.it