• About SNS

    The Scuola Normale Superiore is a public institute for higher education that in its two centuries of life has earned itself a special place, both in Italy and abroad, a place characterised by merit, talent and scientific rigour. Two types of course are available: the undergraduate course and the PhD course.The teaching activity is distributed among four academic structures: the Faculty of Humanities, the Faculty of Sciences, placed in Pisa; the Department of political and social sciences and the Ciampi Institute, located in Florence.  

  • Admission

    The evaluation for entrance to the first year of the undergraduate course does not include the high school leaving certificate, and the bachelor's degree is not taken into consideration in the entrance examination for the fourth year course. For each PhD course, candidates’ level of competence, talent, motivations and aptitudes to scientific research will be assessed on the basis of their qualifications and research project and an interview.

  • Academics

    The Scuola Normale Superiore offers two types of course: the undergraduate course, leading to first and second level university degrees, and the PhD course, the international equivalent of the Italian Dottorato di ricerca.The teaching and research activity is distributed among three academic structures: the Faculty of Humanities, the Faculty of  Sciences, and the Department of Political and Social Sciences.The first two academic structures, housed at the Pisa site, organize courses for both the  undergraduate course and the PhD course. The Department of Political and Social Sciences, situated in Palazzo Strozzi in Florence, deals only with the PhD course.

  • Research

    A highly qualifying feature of the Normale way is the strong link between teaching and research that is a characteristic of both the undergraduate and the graduate programmes of the Scuola. The research structures of the two Faculties welcome students with a relevant study interest, enabling them to collaborate in a mature way with the activities of the researchers.

  • International

    The Scuola Normale is an institute of a decidedly international nature. Examinations for admission to the undergraduate degree course and for the PhD course are open to all citizens worldwide. A certain number of places on the PhD course are reserved for students from other countries. During the pre laurea and  post lauream teaching courses, study and research programmes are made available at overseas universities and research centres with which the Scuola forms an intense network of collaboration.  The doctorate course in particular is taught in a veritable graduate school in line with the highest international standards. 

Astronomical illustrated manuscripts

Astronomical illustrated manuscripts

The research group has the goal to develop interdisciplinary studies on the astronomical illustrated manuscripts  of the mediaeval tradition (starting from the so called Araea, Latin translations of the Phaenomena of Aratus and related texts) with a special focus on the relations between the illustrations and the texts.

The group is creating a portal, Certissima signa, a systematic collection of data concerning the astronomical illustrated manuscripts of the Western tradition (a section for the manuscripts of the Arabic tradition is a later phase  of the project). In its complete version this portal will offer a survey of  the ancient starred skies of the Mediterranean in the Late Antiquity and the Medieval Period. A beta version of the portal will be presented to scholars in January 2012.

All the concerned texts are going to be translated into Italian and published with introduction and commentary in the series Il Mito. Testi e Saggi, Edizioni ETS, Pisa: Aratus phaenomena; Eratosthenes Epitome of Catasterisms; Cicero Aratea, Germanicus Aratea; Avienus Aratea; Aratus Latinus, Scholia Basineensia; De signis coeli; De ordine ac positione.

Seminars and conferences about the subject are being held regularly.