• About SNS

    The Scuola Normale Superiore is a public institute for higher education that in its two centuries of life has earned itself a special place, both in Italy and abroad, a place characterised by merit, talent and scientific rigour. Two types of course are available: the undergraduate course and the PhD course.The teaching activity is distributed among four academic structures: the Faculty of Humanities, the Faculty of Sciences, placed in Pisa; the Department of political and social sciences and the Ciampi Institute, located in Florence.  

  • Admission

    The evaluation for entrance to the first year of the undergraduate course does not include the high school leaving certificate, and the bachelor's degree is not taken into consideration in the entrance examination for the fourth year course. For each PhD course, candidates’ level of competence, talent, motivations and aptitudes to scientific research will be assessed on the basis of their qualifications and research project and an interview.

  • Academics

    The Scuola Normale Superiore offers two types of course: the undergraduate course, leading to first and second level university degrees, and the PhD course, the international equivalent of the Italian Dottorato di ricerca.The teaching and research activity is distributed among three academic structures: the Faculty of Humanities, the Faculty of  Sciences, and the Department of Political and Social Sciences.The first two academic structures, housed at the Pisa site, organize courses for both the  undergraduate course and the PhD course. The Department of Political and Social Sciences, situated in Palazzo Strozzi in Florence, deals only with the PhD course.

  • Research

    A highly qualifying feature of the Normale way is the strong link between teaching and research that is a characteristic of both the undergraduate and the graduate programmes of the Scuola. The research structures of the two Faculties welcome students with a relevant study interest, enabling them to collaborate in a mature way with the activities of the researchers.

  • International

    The Scuola Normale is an institute of a decidedly international nature. Examinations for admission to the undergraduate degree course and for the PhD course are open to all citizens worldwide. A certain number of places on the PhD course are reserved for students from other countries. During the pre laurea and  post lauream teaching courses, study and research programmes are made available at overseas universities and research centres with which the Scuola forms an intense network of collaboration.  The doctorate course in particular is taught in a veritable graduate school in line with the highest international standards. 

Condensed Matter and Quantum Information Theory group

Condensed Matter and Quantum Information Theory group

The group is presently active in the study of of quantum transport, quantum-many body systems, superconductors, semiconductors, and quantum information.

Research activities

Quantum Information

Quantum information is known to be more efficient that its classical counterpart and probably will play a leading role in future technologies. The impact and advantages of quantum information protocols emerge in numerous situations. In cryptography quantum dynamics guarantees secure protocols, in quantum computation factorization of large numbers, intractable with classical algorithms, can be solved much faster with a quantum computer. The CMI group is interested in many areas of quantum information ranging from quantum communication to solid state implementations. The current interests of the CMI members include

Solid state quantum information

  • Quantum information processing with superconducting nanocircuits
  • Quantum dynamics of circuit-QED systems
  • Interferometry and edge states
  • Entanglement detection

Quantum information and Many-Body systems

  • Entanglement in complex systems
  • Tensor network representations
  • Quantum networks
  • Non-equilibrium many-body systems

Quantum communication

  • Efficiency trade-off: the channel capacity problem
  • Constrained channels
  • Additivity problem
  • Exploiting quantum communication as a resource for computation

Quantum Transport & Many-Body Systems

The constant progress in nano-fabrication techniques allows for a controlled realization of low-dimensional mesoscopic structures in the range from of a few nanometers to micrometers, which exhibit, at low temperatures, a fully quantum behaviour. This area of research focuses on coherent transport and collective effects in mesoscopic systems and low-dimensional electron liquids, such as those that can be found in semiconductor and metallic heretostructures and graphene. The current interests of the CMI members include


  • Many-body effects (collective modes, phase diagrams, exchange and correlation effects) in single-layer and few-layer graphene systems
  • Intra- and inter-layer transport in pseudospin magnets and exciton condensates in graphene bilayers
  • Charge and heat transport in hybrid graphene/superconductor junctions

Correlated systems

  • Equilibrium and non-equilibrium properties of cold atomic gases in optical lattices
  • Transport properties in Luttinger liquids

Hybrid systems

  • Non-equilibrium and heat transport in hybrid normal metal/superconductor systems
  • SNS Josephson junctions

Light-matter interaction

The theoretical study of electronic states and optical transitions enable us to understand, and possibly to stretch, the rules that govern light-matter interaction in atomic as well as condensed matter, potentially seeding new paradigms in photonics, optoelectronics and optomechanics. The current lines of research in this area include

Exciton physics

  • Hybrid organic-inorganic semiconductor heterostructures
  • Strongly coupled organic microcavities


  • Spin-splittings in III-V and IV-VI semiconductor quantum confined structures

Coherent non-linear optics

  • Quantum coherence and interference effects in multi-level systems
  • Dynamic photonic metamaterials and cold atom optomechanics

Members of the research group