• About SNS

    The Scuola Normale Superiore is a public institute for higher education that in its two centuries of life has earned itself a special place, both in Italy and abroad, a place characterised by merit, talent and scientific rigour. Two types of course are available: the undergraduate course and the PhD course.The teaching activity is distributed among four academic structures: the Faculty of Humanities, the Faculty of Sciences, placed in Pisa; the Department of political and social sciences and the Ciampi Institute, located in Florence.  

  • Admission

    The evaluation for entrance to the first year of the undergraduate course does not include the high school leaving certificate, and the bachelor's degree is not taken into consideration in the entrance examination for the fourth year course. For each PhD course, candidates’ level of competence, talent, motivations and aptitudes to scientific research will be assessed on the basis of their qualifications and research project and an interview.

  • Academics

    The Scuola Normale Superiore offers two types of course: the undergraduate course, leading to first and second level university degrees, and the PhD course, the international equivalent of the Italian Dottorato di ricerca.The teaching and research activity is distributed among three academic structures: the Faculty of Humanities, the Faculty of  Sciences, and the Department of Political and Social Sciences.The first two academic structures, housed at the Pisa site, organize courses for both the  undergraduate course and the PhD course. The Department of Political and Social Sciences, situated in Palazzo Strozzi in Florence, deals only with the PhD course.

  • Research

    A highly qualifying feature of the Normale way is the strong link between teaching and research that is a characteristic of both the undergraduate and the graduate programmes of the Scuola. The research structures of the two Faculties welcome students with a relevant study interest, enabling them to collaborate in a mature way with the activities of the researchers.

  • International

    The Scuola Normale is an institute of a decidedly international nature. Examinations for admission to the undergraduate degree course and for the PhD course are open to all citizens worldwide. A certain number of places on the PhD course are reserved for students from other countries. During the pre laurea and  post lauream teaching courses, study and research programmes are made available at overseas universities and research centres with which the Scuola forms an intense network of collaboration.  The doctorate course in particular is taught in a veritable graduate school in line with the highest international standards. 

Full Professor
Tel. +39 050 509067
fax +39 050 563513

Palazzo della Carovana

Classe di scienze
Piazza dei Cavalieri, 7
56126, PISA

Andrea Ferrara is the Cosmology Professor at Scuola Normale Superiore in Pisa and Joint Professor at the Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, Tokyo. He conducts theoretical and numerical research on the formation of the first galaxies and black hole in the early Universe. He has published more than 250 scientific articles, which have received about 12,000 citations. He has received several international awards, including the prestigious Blaauw Prize and Tinsley Prize; works as a scientific Editor for several international journals and is on the list of the Top 100 Italian scientists. He is a member of the Board of Directors of the National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF) and Deputy Chair of the Advisory Board of the Square Kilometer Array (SKA). He is also actively engaged in scientific outreach, for which he has received the G. Giorgi Medal, through articles and public lectures.


Cosmology Professor at Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, Italy
Joint Professor at the Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, Tokyo, Japan
Honorary Blaauw Professorship, Groningen University, The Netherlands
Beatrice Tinsley Centennial Professorship, University of Texas at Austin, USA
Top Italian Scientist #52
137 among Invited, Review and Summary talks at International Conferences
20 Contributed talks at International Conferences
100 Colloquia in top scientific/academic institutes of 11 major countries
Expert evaluator of EU and National Research Grants Programs of USA, Germany, Portugal, Holland, Israel
47 among Master, PhD students and Post Docs supervised; 9 have received awards for their Thesis work
Astronomy & Astrophysics Journal and Dataset Papers in Physics: Editorial Board Member
192 refereed papers in international Journals, 50 in conference proceedings (Scopus ID: 7201825167)
From the Google Scholar database, the H-index is 57; his m-index is 2.54
The total number of citations to his papers is 11,951
His top five most cited papers have more than 2,300 citations.