• About SNS

    The Scuola Normale Superiore is a public institute for higher education that in its two centuries of life has earned itself a special place, both in Italy and abroad, a place characterised by merit, talent and scientific rigour. Two types of course are available: the undergraduate course and the PhD course.The teaching activity is distributed among four academic structures: the Faculty of Humanities, the Faculty of Sciences, placed in Pisa; the Department of political and social sciences and the Ciampi Institute, located in Florence.  

  • Admission

    The evaluation for entrance to the first year of the undergraduate course does not include the high school leaving certificate, and the bachelor's degree is not taken into consideration in the entrance examination for the fourth year course. For each PhD course, candidates’ level of competence, talent, motivations and aptitudes to scientific research will be assessed on the basis of their qualifications and research project and an interview.

  • Academics

    The Scuola Normale Superiore offers two types of course: the undergraduate course, leading to first and second level university degrees, and the PhD course, the international equivalent of the Italian Dottorato di ricerca.The teaching and research activity is distributed among three academic structures: the Faculty of Humanities, the Faculty of  Sciences, and the Department of Political and Social Sciences.The first two academic structures, housed at the Pisa site, organize courses for both the  undergraduate course and the PhD course. The Department of Political and Social Sciences, situated in Palazzo Strozzi in Florence, deals only with the PhD course.

  • Research

    A highly qualifying feature of the Normale way is the strong link between teaching and research that is a characteristic of both the undergraduate and the graduate programmes of the Scuola. The research structures of the two Faculties welcome students with a relevant study interest, enabling them to collaborate in a mature way with the activities of the researchers.

  • International

    The Scuola Normale is an institute of a decidedly international nature. Examinations for admission to the undergraduate degree course and for the PhD course are open to all citizens worldwide. A certain number of places on the PhD course are reserved for students from other countries. During the pre laurea and  post lauream teaching courses, study and research programmes are made available at overseas universities and research centres with which the Scuola forms an intense network of collaboration.  The doctorate course in particular is taught in a veritable graduate school in line with the highest international standards. 


Palazzo Strozzi

Scuola Normale Superiore
Piazza degli Strozzi, 1
50123, FIRENZE


Andrea L. P. Pirro is a postdoctoral research fellow at the Department of Political and Social Sciences, Scuola Normale Superiore, Florence. He is editor of the journal East European Politics (Routledge) and convenor of the European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR) Standing Group on Extremism & Democracy. His research interests include the relation between extremism and democracy, populism, Euroscepticism, and mobilisations in the electoral and protest arenas. His work appeared in different international journals as well as a number of edited volumes. He has authored the monograph The Populist Radical Right in Central and Eastern Europe: Ideology, Impact, and Electoral Performance (Routledge, 2015) and edited Special Issues of PACO – Partecipazione e Conflitto (with Donatella della Porta and Loris Caruso, 2017), Politics (with Paul Taggart and Stijn van Kessel, 2018), and European Societies (with Pietro Castelli Gattinara, 2019). He is a regular media commentator on populist and radical politics.
5 most recent publications:
  • Pirro, A.L.P., and P. Castelli Gattinara (2018) ‘Movement parties of the far right: The organization and strategies of nativist collective actors’. Mobilization: An International Quarterly, 23(3): 367–383. [link]
  • Pirro, A.L.P. (2018) ‘The polyvalent populism of the 5 Star Movement’. Journal of Contemporary European Studies, OnlineFirst. [link]
  • Pirro, A.L.P., and D. Róna (2018) ‘Far-right activism in Hungary: Youth participation in Jobbik and its network’. European Societies, OnlineFirst. [link]
  • Pirro, A.L.P., and P. Taggart (2018) 'The populist politics of Euroscepticism in times of crisis: A framework for analysis’. Politics, 38(3): 253–262. [link]
  • Pirro, A.L.P., and S. van Kessel (2018) ‘Populist Eurosceptic trajectories in Italy and the Netherlands during the European crises’. Politics, 38(3): 327–343. [link]


  • Extremism, radicalism, and populism
  • Euroscepticism
  • Comparative European politics (East and West)
  • Parties and party systems
  • Social movements