• About SNS

    The Scuola Normale Superiore is a public institute for higher education that in its two centuries of life has earned itself a special place, both in Italy and abroad, a place characterised by merit, talent and scientific rigour. Two types of course are available: the undergraduate course and the PhD course.The teaching activity is distributed among four academic structures: the Faculty of Humanities, the Faculty of Sciences, placed in Pisa; the Department of political and social sciences and the Ciampi Institute, located in Florence.  

  • Admission

    The evaluation for entrance to the first year of the undergraduate course does not include the high school leaving certificate, and the bachelor's degree is not taken into consideration in the entrance examination for the fourth year course. For each PhD course, candidates’ level of competence, talent, motivations and aptitudes to scientific research will be assessed on the basis of their qualifications and research project and an interview.

  • Academics

    The Scuola Normale Superiore offers two types of course: the undergraduate course, leading to first and second level university degrees, and the PhD course, the international equivalent of the Italian Dottorato di ricerca.The teaching and research activity is distributed among three academic structures: the Faculty of Humanities, the Faculty of  Sciences, and the Department of Political and Social Sciences.The first two academic structures, housed at the Pisa site, organize courses for both the  undergraduate course and the PhD course. The Department of Political and Social Sciences, situated in Palazzo Strozzi in Florence, deals only with the PhD course.

  • Research

    A highly qualifying feature of the Normale way is the strong link between teaching and research that is a characteristic of both the undergraduate and the graduate programmes of the Scuola. The research structures of the two Faculties welcome students with a relevant study interest, enabling them to collaborate in a mature way with the activities of the researchers.

  • International

    The Scuola Normale is an institute of a decidedly international nature. Examinations for admission to the undergraduate degree course and for the PhD course are open to all citizens worldwide. A certain number of places on the PhD course are reserved for students from other countries. During the pre laurea and  post lauream teaching courses, study and research programmes are made available at overseas universities and research centres with which the Scuola forms an intense network of collaboration.  The doctorate course in particular is taught in a veritable graduate school in line with the highest international standards. 

PANARO Angelo Vito
Angelo Vito PANARO
Ph.D Student
Political Science and Sociology




Angelo Vito Panaro is a Ph.D. Student in Political Science and Sociology at the Scuola Normale Superiore (SNS) in Florence. His main areas of research are political economy, public policy and welfare state with a focus on non-democratic regimes.

He is currently conducting research aimed at investigating how financial crash and fluctuations in commodity prices affect the policy-making process in non-democratic regimes. In his MA thesis, he investigates the impact of the 2014 oil plunge on the evolution of welfare state in Central Asian countries.

He obtained his BA in International and Diplomatic Affairs from the Università di Bologna - Forlì campus and his MA in Economics and Management of Public Administration from the Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi. While he was a master student, he worked as office assistant in the Trade Office of the Embassy of Italy in Moscow. In April 2016, he was invited as a speaker to the University of Bologna for a workshop on the role of local NGOs in determining domestic policy outcomes. His working languages are Italian, English, French and Russian.


Political Economy, Public Policy, Welfare State Reforms and Authoritarian Regimes.