• About SNS

    The Scuola Normale Superiore is a public institute for higher education that in its two centuries of life has earned itself a special place, both in Italy and abroad, a place characterised by merit, talent and scientific rigour.  Two types of course are available: the undergraduate course and the PhD course.The teaching activity is distributed among three academic structures: the Faculty of Humanities, the Faculty of Mathematical and Natural Sciences, placed in Pisa, and the Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences, located in Palazzo Strozzi in Florence. 

  • Admission

    The evaluation for entrance to the first year of the undergraduate course does not include the high school leaving certificate, and the bachelor's degree is not taken into consideration in the entrance examination for the fourth year course. For each PhD course, candidates’ level of competence, talent, motivations and aptitudes to scientific research will be assessed on the basis of their qualifications and research project and an interview.

  • Academics

    The Scuola Normale Superiore offers two types of course: the undergraduate course, leading to first and second level university degrees, and the PhD course, the international equivalent of the Italian Dottorato di ricerca.The teaching and research activity is distributed among three academic structures: the Faculty of Humanities, the Faculty of Mathematical and Natural Sciences, and the Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences.The first two academic structures, housed at the Pisa site, organize courses for both the  undergraduate course and the PhD course. The Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences, situated in Palazzo Strozzi in Florence, deals only with the PhD course.

  • Research

    A highly qualifying feature of the Normale way is the strong link between teaching and research that is a characteristic of both the undergraduate and the graduate programmes of the Scuola. The research structures of the two Faculties welcome students with a relevant study interest, enabling them to collaborate in a mature way with the activities of the researchers.

  • International

    The Scuola Normale is an institute of a decidedly international nature. Examinations for admission to the undergraduate degree course and for the PhD course are open to all citizens worldwide. A certain number of places on the PhD course are reserved for students from other countries. During the pre laurea and  post lauream teaching courses, study and research programmes are made available at overseas universities and research centres with which the Scuola forms an intense network of collaboration.  The doctorate course in particular is taught in a veritable graduate school in line with the highest international standards. 




Bruno Marino is a PhD Candidate in Political Science and Sociology at the Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences (Scuola Normale Superiore). His research interests include party organisations (i.e. party leader selection, candidate selection, intra-party democracy), political elites, electoral behaviour. In 2016, he was awarded, jointly with Vincenzo Emanuele, the ‘Carlo Maria Santoro Prize’ for the best paper presented at the 2015 Conference of the Italian Political Science Association (SISP). He has devised, along with Nicola Martocchia Diodati and Luca Verzichelli, the first ‘Personalisation of Party Politics Expert Survey’, a project aiming at studying the personalization of politics in Western Europe. He has also taken part in several Summer and Winter Schools in Political Methodology, focusing on quantitative methods. His contributions have appeared on the Italian Political Science Review, Regional and Federal Studies, and the Journal of Contemporary European Research. Link to pubblications: https://scuola.academia.edu/BrunoMarino.


Party leader selection; candidate selection; intra-party democracy; political elites; electoral behaviour.


  1. Martocchia Diodati, N. and Marino, B. (2017) ‘What difference does it make? Explaining the voting behaviour of Partito Democratico’s electorate and selectorate in 2013’, Italian Political Science Review / Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica 47(1), pp. 1-20; doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/ipo.2016.24
  2. Emanuele, V. and Marino, B. (2016) ‘Follow the Candidates, Not the Parties? Personal Vote in a Regional De-institutionalized Party System’, Regional & Federal Studies 26(4), pp. 531-544; doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13597566.2016.1226812
  3. Emanuele, V., Maggini, N. and Marino, B. (2016) ‘Gaining Votes in Europe against Europe? How National Contexts Shaped the Results of Eurosceptic Parties in the 2014 European Parliament Elections’, Journal of Contemporary European Research 12(3), pp. 697-715; available at: http://jcer.net/index.php/jcer/article/view/732/586