• About SNS

    The Scuola Normale Superiore is a public institute for higher education that in its two centuries of life has earned itself a special place, both in Italy and abroad, a place characterised by merit, talent and scientific rigour. Two types of course are available: the undergraduate course and the PhD course.The teaching activity is distributed among four academic structures: the Faculty of Humanities, the Faculty of Sciences, placed in Pisa; the Department of political and social sciences and the Ciampi Institute, located in Florence.  

  • Admission

    The evaluation for entrance to the first year of the undergraduate course does not include the high school leaving certificate, and the bachelor's degree is not taken into consideration in the entrance examination for the fourth year course. For each PhD course, candidates’ level of competence, talent, motivations and aptitudes to scientific research will be assessed on the basis of their qualifications and research project and an interview.

  • Academics

    The Scuola Normale Superiore offers two types of course: the undergraduate course, leading to first and second level university degrees, and the PhD course, the international equivalent of the Italian Dottorato di ricerca.The teaching and research activity is distributed among three academic structures: the Faculty of Humanities, the Faculty of  Sciences, and the Department of Political and Social Sciences.The first two academic structures, housed at the Pisa site, organize courses for both the  undergraduate course and the PhD course. The Department of Political and Social Sciences, situated in Palazzo Strozzi in Florence, deals only with the PhD course.

  • Research

    A highly qualifying feature of the Normale way is the strong link between teaching and research that is a characteristic of both the undergraduate and the graduate programmes of the Scuola. The research structures of the two Faculties welcome students with a relevant study interest, enabling them to collaborate in a mature way with the activities of the researchers.

  • International

    The Scuola Normale is an institute of a decidedly international nature. Examinations for admission to the undergraduate degree course and for the PhD course are open to all citizens worldwide. A certain number of places on the PhD course are reserved for students from other countries. During the pre laurea and  post lauream teaching courses, study and research programmes are made available at overseas universities and research centres with which the Scuola forms an intense network of collaboration.  The doctorate course in particular is taught in a veritable graduate school in line with the highest international standards. 

ALMAZ Hasan Alper
Hasan Alper ALMAZ
Ph.D Student
Political Science and Sociology



Alper is currenty a PhD Candidate in Political Science and Sociology in the Institute for Humanities and Social Sciences at the Scuola Normale Superiore. His research focuses on the political economy of agricultural biotechnology policies. More specifically, he is trying to account for the reasons behind different policies, pursued by developing countries, pertaining to GMOs (genetically modified organisms) through using interest, idea and institution based approaches. Prior to this, Alper, as a fully sponsored student with ‘Jean Monnet Scholarship, completed his MA degree in European Politics at the University of Sussex. For his master’s dissertation, Alper elaborated the concept of environmental policy integration and applied it to the EU's renewable and internal market energy policies in a comparative manner. Before, he had earned his BSc in International Relations with ‘cum laude’ at the Middle East Technical University. Between 2013-2015, Alper also worked as a research assistant at the Department of International Relations at the Yasar University, Turkey and commissioning editor in E-IR.

RESEARCH INTERESTS/TOPIC OF PHD PROJECT: comparative political economy, developing countries, biotechnology policy and environmental politics.