• About SNS

    The Scuola Normale Superiore is a public institute for higher education that in its two centuries of life has earned itself a special place, both in Italy and abroad, a place characterised by merit, talent and scientific rigour. Two types of course are available: the undergraduate course and the PhD course.The teaching activity is distributed among four academic structures: the Faculty of Humanities, the Faculty of Sciences, placed in Pisa; the Department of political and social sciences and the Ciampi Institute, located in Florence.  

  • Admission

    The evaluation for entrance to the first year of the undergraduate course does not include the high school leaving certificate, and the bachelor's degree is not taken into consideration in the entrance examination for the fourth year course. For each PhD course, candidates’ level of competence, talent, motivations and aptitudes to scientific research will be assessed on the basis of their qualifications and research project and an interview.

  • Academics

    The Scuola Normale Superiore offers two types of course: the undergraduate course, leading to first and second level university degrees, and the PhD course, the international equivalent of the Italian Dottorato di ricerca.The teaching and research activity is distributed among three academic structures: the Faculty of Humanities, the Faculty of  Sciences, and the Department of Political and Social Sciences.The first two academic structures, housed at the Pisa site, organize courses for both the  undergraduate course and the PhD course. The Department of Political and Social Sciences, situated in Palazzo Strozzi in Florence, deals only with the PhD course.

  • Research

    A highly qualifying feature of the Normale way is the strong link between teaching and research that is a characteristic of both the undergraduate and the graduate programmes of the Scuola. The research structures of the two Faculties welcome students with a relevant study interest, enabling them to collaborate in a mature way with the activities of the researchers.

  • International

    The Scuola Normale is an institute of a decidedly international nature. Examinations for admission to the undergraduate degree course and for the PhD course are open to all citizens worldwide. A certain number of places on the PhD course are reserved for students from other countries. During the pre laurea and  post lauream teaching courses, study and research programmes are made available at overseas universities and research centres with which the Scuola forms an intense network of collaboration.  The doctorate course in particular is taught in a veritable graduate school in line with the highest international standards. 


Palazzo della Carovana

Scuola Normale Superiore
Piazza dei Cavalieri, 7
56126, PISA


Martín Portos G. is Research Fellow at COSMOS, Scuola Normale Superiore, Florence. He completed a PhD in Political and Social Sciences from the European University Institute in February 2017, with a thesis focused on anti-austerity mobilisation in Southern Europe. He holds a BA (Hons) in Political Science from the University of Santiago de Compostela (National Award for Excellence in Academic Performance, 2011), a MSc Politics Research from Oxford University, and a MRes in Political and Social Sciences from the EUI. He has been awarded fellowships from Fundación Caja Madrid, Obra Social La Caixa, Linares Rivas–Oxford University, EUI-MECD, Banc Sabadell and the Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas, among others. His publications have featured in various peer-reviewed international journals, and has collaborated with various research projects. He is the author of the book manuscript Social Movements and referendums from below. Direct democracy in the neoliberal crisis (co-authored with D. della Porta et al.; forthcoming with Policy Press in 2017).

5 Most recent publications

  • della Porta, D., O’Connor, F., Portos, M., Subirats, A. 2017. Social movements and referendums from below. Direct democracy in the neoliberal crisis (Policy Press/ Bristol University Press https://policypress.co.uk/social-movements-and-referendums-from-below).
  • Portos, M. and J. Masullo. 2017. ‘Voicing outrage unevenly. Democratic dissatisfaction, non-participation and frequencies of participation in the 15-M protest campaign’ (in press; Mobilization).
  • Álvarez-Pereira, B., Portos, M. and Vourdas, J. 2017. ‘Waving goodbye? The determinants of autonomism and secessionism in Western Europe’, Regional Studies. DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2017.1282609.
  • Portos, M. 2016. ‘Taking to the streets in the context of austerity: a chronology of the cycle of protests in Spain’, Partecipazione & Conflitto 9 (1): 181-210.
  • Portos, M. 2016. ‘Movilización social en tiempos de recesión: un Análisis de Eventos de Protesta en España, 2007-2015’, Revista Española de Ciencia Política, 41: 159-178.

Relevant previous projects:

  • Researcher in the project LIVEWHAT. Living with hard Times. Citizens’ Resilience in Times of Crisis, EU 7th Framework Programme, Grant Agreement N° 613237. PI: Marco Giugni (University of Geneva). Team Leader: Lorenzo Bosi (SNS).
  • Researcher in the project Mobilizing for Democracy: Democratization processes and the mobilization of civil society. D. della Porta’s ERC Advanced Grant, EUI & SNS. Grant 269136.


  • Social movements
  • Anti-austerity mobilization
  • Grievances
  • Political attitudes
  • Nationalism