• About SNS

    The Scuola Normale Superiore is a public institute for higher education that in its two centuries of life has earned itself a special place, both in Italy and abroad, a place characterised by merit, talent and scientific rigour. Two types of course are available: the undergraduate course and the PhD course.The teaching activity is distributed among four academic structures: the Faculty of Humanities, the Faculty of Sciences, placed in Pisa; the Department of political and social sciences and the Ciampi Institute, located in Florence.  

  • Admission

    The evaluation for entrance to the first year of the undergraduate course does not include the high school leaving certificate, and the bachelor's degree is not taken into consideration in the entrance examination for the fourth year course. For each PhD course, candidates’ level of competence, talent, motivations and aptitudes to scientific research will be assessed on the basis of their qualifications and research project and an interview.

  • Academics

    The Scuola Normale Superiore offers two types of course: the undergraduate course, leading to first and second level university degrees, and the PhD course, the international equivalent of the Italian Dottorato di ricerca.The teaching and research activity is distributed among three academic structures: the Faculty of Humanities, the Faculty of  Sciences, and the Department of Political and Social Sciences.The first two academic structures, housed at the Pisa site, organize courses for both the  undergraduate course and the PhD course. The Department of Political and Social Sciences, situated in Palazzo Strozzi in Florence, deals only with the PhD course.

  • Research

    A highly qualifying feature of the Normale way is the strong link between teaching and research that is a characteristic of both the undergraduate and the graduate programmes of the Scuola. The research structures of the two Faculties welcome students with a relevant study interest, enabling them to collaborate in a mature way with the activities of the researchers.

  • International

    The Scuola Normale is an institute of a decidedly international nature. Examinations for admission to the undergraduate degree course and for the PhD course are open to all citizens worldwide. A certain number of places on the PhD course are reserved for students from other countries. During the pre laurea and  post lauream teaching courses, study and research programmes are made available at overseas universities and research centres with which the Scuola forms an intense network of collaboration.  The doctorate course in particular is taught in a veritable graduate school in line with the highest international standards. 

BARONE Vincenzo
Prof. Vincenzo BARONE
Full Professor
Tel. +39 050 509134
fax +39 050 563513

Palazzo della Carovana

Classe di scienze
Piazza dei Cavalieri, 7
56126, PISA

The main research interests of Vincenzo Barone are related to a theoretical microscopic approach for the study of structural, dynamic, electronic and spectroscopic properties of complex systems (materials, nanostructures, biomolecules, “soft matter”), as well as of their reactivity. Areas in which the PI has provided remarkable contributions include:

Density functional theory: (i) Development and validation of new density functionals; (ii) validation of DFT for molecular spectroscopy studies; in particular, contributions concerning open shell molecules are widely recognized; (iii) implementation and parameterization of tight-binding (TB) DFT and of its time dependent (TD) extensions (TB-TD-DFT) allowing for a wider range of applications involving both ground and excited electronic states.
Solvation theory with special reference to the Polarisable Continuum Model (PCM): (i) improvement of the model for the calculation of solvation free energies; (ii) implementation of analytical derivatives allowing geometry optimizations in solution; (iii) extension of the model to the description of excited electronic states; (iv) linear scaling implementation paving the way to the study of macromolecules in solution; (v) development of mixed discrete-continuum models for computational spectroscopy, by both time-independent and time-dependent approaches. These advances and (vi) their implementation in popular computational packages have greatly contributed to make PCM the most widely used method for quantum mechanical studies of molecules in condensed phases.
Molecular vibrations: effective treatments of harmonic and anharmonic contributions for processes involving single (vibrational terms) as well as multiple (vibronic effects) electronic states.
Computational spectroscopy: The research activity in this area builds on, and provides a unifying frame for, all the above-mentioned topics. Specific developments, paving the way to the reproduction of spectral line-shapes, concern the effect of large amplitude nuclear motions on spectroscopic observables, and the computation of vibrationally resolved electronic spectra (absorption, emission, circular dichroism, and resonance Raman) for large molecular systems in condensed phases. In the field of ESR spectroscopy, development of a number of computational tools has allowed to account for all the chemical/physical effects modulating the spectral observables, and to compute entire spectra (as opposed to individual parameters) in agreement with experiments.

Barone has authored more than 600 publications in international journals, and during the last 10 years has given more than 70 invited lectures at Italian and foreign institutions (with a total of more than 150 during his whole career). His publications have received over 26000 citations (2189, 2585, 2725, 3055, and 3295 in 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, and 2011, respectively), with an h-index of 66 (46 for papers published since 2000); 7 papers have been cited more than 1000 times and 36 papers more than 100 times. Both the number of citations and the h-index has been hugely increasing in the last years.

In 2012 was elected as member of the European Academy of Sciences. In 2009 he has obtained the “Sacconi” Medal, which is awarded to chemistry scientists of international fame. In 2008 he was elected as member of the International Academy of Quantum Molecular Science. He is member of the Advisory Boards of Spectrochimica Acta A, Theoretical Chemistry Accounts, Journal of Computational Chemistry, and Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. He is President of the Italian Chemical Society (SCI) and President of the Chemistry Panel of the National Agency for Research Evaluation (ANVUR) for the period 2011-2013.

In 2013, he was elected corresponding member of the Accademia dei Lincei and appointed Director of the DREAMSLab Center of the Scuola Normale Superiore.